Centre for European and International Studies Research

PhD profile

Mr Chris Spackman

  • Role Title: PhD Student
  • Address: Park Building, King Henry 1 Street, Portsmouth PO1 2DZ
  • Telephone:
  • Email: christopher.spackman@port.ac.uk
  • Department: Centre for European and International Studies Research
  • Faculty: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences


My research will utilise the often undervalued example of the Boys' Brigade as an actor in urban communities during the Nineteenth Century. Through case study analysis of Boys' Brigade Companies in towns and cities acrossBritain, including the port city ofGlasgow, this research will explore imperial and urban youth cultures. The research will reflect on the themes of Mackenzie’s ‘Four Nation Imperialism’ and will evaluate homogeneous imperial culture versus the unique character of an individual town. The movement at the core of this research provides a strong national perspective so can be used as an appropriate case to examine themes at the heart of urban culture. Through comparative examination of the Boys’ Brigade in a number of urban areas it will be possible to scrutinise the historiographical debate of uniform ethos verses the unique nature of a particular town. Other themes considered within this research project include Empire, militarism, and religion assessed inside the parameters of urban life in late Victorian Britain.