The Third International Conference on Physical Employment Standards

Organising committee

Dr Gemma Milligan PhD, MSc, BSc(Hons), BASES, FHEA, CSci - joined the University of Portsmouth in March 2008 as a Research Assistant and currently holds a Senior Lecturing position in Sport, Exercise and Health. She completed her PhD in Fitness Standards for the Maritime Coastguard Agency and Oil and Gas Industry, in 2013 under the supervision of Prof Mike Tipton. Subsequent research projects have been in the area of Occupational Physiology, having worked for such companies as the Energy Institute, Royal National Lifeboat Institution Royal Air Force and the Maritime and Coastguard Agency. Previous employment was at the Environmental Medicine Unit at the Institute of Naval Medicine (INM) for four years as a Scientific Officer (Occupational Physiology) and as a Strength and Conditioning Coach.

Gemma Milligan

Dr Sam Blacker PhD, MSc, BSc(Hons), BASES, CSci - joined the University of Chichester in 2013 after having spent the majority of the previous 12 years working for Optimal Performance Limited, a company specialising in delivering research and consultancy to enhance performance, improve health and reduce injury in physically demanding occupations. He has acted as the principal investigator for numerous research projects based in the United Kingdom and overseas, including for organisations such the Ministry of Defence, Department of Health, UK Fire and Rescue Service, UK Police Force, Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI), Defence Sciences and Technology Laboratory (DSTL) and the United Arab Emirates and Malaysian Armed Forces.

sam blacker

Dr Andy Siddall PhD, BSc(Hons), FHEA, - is an exercise physiologist specialising in occupational and environmental research. Andy currently works as a research fellow in the Occupational Performance Research Group (OPRG) at the University of Chichester, UK, examining physical activity monitoring and physical demand in British Army training. He is part of the team at the University of Bath that developed the national occupational fitness standards for firefighting in the UK, alongside examining the health, lifestyle and well-being of the UK Fire and Rescue Service. He received his PhD in health and exercise physiology from the University of Bath in 2012, having investigated physical adaptation, lifestyle behaviours and injury risk in British Army infantry recruit training. Andy has completed numerous research projects in military, occupational and laboratory settings.

andy siddall


Dr Piete Brown PhD MSc PGCE BSc - joined the Applied Physiology Department at the Institute of Naval Medicine (INM) in 2010 having spent the previous five years working for the Headquarters Army Recruiting and Training Division, where he completed a PhD examining physical training for loaded marching performance among British Army recruits. Piete currently leads programmes of work on Physical Employment Standards (PES), physical development, and education packages for Royal Navy Physical Trainers. He has led several Ministry of Defence research projects that have involved the Royal Navy, British Army, and the Ministry of Defence Police. 

piete brown

Dr Rachel Izard PhD, MSc, BSc (Hons) - is the Head of Research within the Occupational Medicine Department for the Head Quarters Army Recruiting and Training Division. She joined the Ministry of Defence in 2005 as a Scientific Officer after completing a BSc in Sport and Exercise Science and an MSc Exercise Physiology at the University of Chichester. Rachel was promoted to Higher Scientific Officer in 2008 and gained her PhD in 2014 from the University of Liverpool investigating tibial adaptations during military training. She has acted as the principle investigator for numerous research projects with the British Army, primarily in the training environment, and her research interests include musculoskeletal adaptations to training, minimising injuries and illness during military training and the prediction and prevention of climatic injuries. She has active research collaborations with other government agencies, international defence forces, industry and various national and international universities.

rachel izard